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Reisterstown | Columbia

Possible Causes of Hammertoe

Monday, 05 October 2020 00:00

It can be difficult to wear shoes comfortably when suffering from a hammertoe. There are several reasons that the middle toes can bend downward at the joints and resemble a hammer. These consist of genetic factors, arthritic conditions, or from an injury that may have occurred. Additional foot conditions may develop, including corns and calluses forming on top of the toes. These can be the result of consistent friction that can come from walking or running. Many patients find mild relief when larger shoes are purchased, and it may help to cover the top of the toes with a protective pad. If you notice the beginning signs of hammertoe, it is strongly recommended that you consult with a podiatrist who can help you to manage this condition.

Hammertoes can be a painful condition to live with. For more information, contact Dr. Mark Spier of Maryland. Our doctor will answer any of your foot- and ankle-related questions.

Hammertoe

Hammertoe is a foot deformity that occurs due to an imbalance in the muscles, tendons, or ligaments that normally hold the toe straight. It can be caused by the type of shoes you wear, your foot structure, trauma, and certain disease processes.

Symptoms

  • Painful and/or difficult toe movement
  • Swelling
  • Joint stiffness
  • Calluses/Corns
  • Physical deformity

Risk Factors

  • Age – The risk of hammertoe increases with age
  • Sex – Women are more likely to have hammertoe compared to men
  • Toe Length – You are more likely to develop hammertoe if your second toe is longer than your big toe
  • Certain Diseases – Arthritis and diabetes may make you more likely to develop hammertoe

Treatment

If you have hammertoe, you should change into a more comfortable shoe that provides enough room for your toes. Exercises such as picking up marbles may strengthen and stretch your toe muscles. Nevertheless, it is important to seek assistance from a podiatrist in order to determine the severity of your hammertoe and see which treatment option will work best for you.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Columbia and Reisterstown, MD. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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